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Family: SOLANACEAE 

 Mandragora autumnalis
 

Drawing by famous Danish artist; Kirsten Tind. Enlarge.

  
Author:  Antonio Bertoloni (Year?)
Family:  Solanaceae
Habitat:  North Africa, Western Asia, Southern Europe
Soil:  Well drained Peat
Water:  Medium-Maximum
Sun:  Medium
Thickness:  10 centimetres
Height:  15 centimetres
Flower:  Violet (M. officinarum yellow!)
Reproduction:  Seeds/Tubers
Pop names:  Autumn Mandrake, Mediterranean Mandrake, Mandragore, Alraunwurzel, Mandrágora 
Synonyms:  According to GRIN: Mandragora officinarum L. Mandragora vernalis Antonio Bertoloni 1824

   This member of the Solanaceae family was given this name by Antonio Bertoloni. It is found in Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Greece, Italy, Yugoslavia, Portugal and Spain. It prefers a well drained but rich peat with some to lots of water and some to full sun.

 The swollen roots can grow to ten centimetres in diameter - or more, and can be raised. The flowers are violet, and beside from seeds, the plant can be reproduced by dividing the roots.

 It is mentioned in many folklore legends, probably due to the roots alikeness to the human body. Got a rather big role in Harry Potter, where the deathly scream while repotting was mentioned. According to folklore, you would die, if you pulled it up. The safe way was to tie a dog to it, and let the dog pull it up.

Poison ; contains alkaloids scopolamine, mandragorin, and hyosciamine.

SubFamily: Solanoideae.