| GENERAL INFO (Jump to Diary)|
The Republic of Peru is an unitary presidential constitutional republic, covering 1.285.216 square kilometres in the north-western South America. It borders Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east and Bolivia and Chile to the south. The western part is dry and semi-dry desert while the east is cloud forests and deep jungles in the Amazons. My tour is mainly in the dryer areas.
It is the home of more than 32 millions citizens, of which 97% are Christians. The ethnic groups are 45% Amerindian, 37% Mestizo, 15% White, and 3% others. The Official languages are Spanish, Quechua and Aymara - neither I understand.
The currency is Peruvian Sol, worth 2,20 Danish Krone and €0,27. The GDP is US$180.291 billion.
The climate is diverse due to the high mountains. See
the maps on the button this page. The rainy season is
December to Marts, but that does not mean much to the coast, as it hardly
rain here at all.
The flora is even richer with more than 25.000
species. Due to my interest and the rainy season, I will mainly be looking
at the many cacti and other desert dwellers. Here are several
Armatocereus', some Austrocylindropuntia, Brasiliopuntia
brasiliensis, a lot of Browningias, Calymmanthium substerile,
two Cereus', a lot of Cleistocactus', quite some
Corryocactus', Cumulopuntia boliviana, some
Cumulopuntias, a lot of Echinopsis', Epiphyllum floribundum,
at least two Eriosyces, a lot of Espostoas, Eulychnia ritteri,
a lot of Haageocereus', two Hylocereus', two
Lasiocereus', two Lepismiums, a lot of Matucanas, three
Melocactus', Mila caespitosa, Neoraimondia arequipensis, Neowerdermannia
chilensis, some Opuntias, some Oreocereus', three
Oroyas, Pereskia horrida, Pilosocereus lanuginosus, Praecereus
euchlorus, Pseudorhipsalis amazonica, three Pygmaeocereus',
Rauhocereus riosaniensis, Rebutia neocumingii, three Rhipsalis',
Selenicereus megalanthus, Tunilla chilensis and Tunilla soehrensii,
and quite some Weberbauerocereus'. And this is only to name some!