Previous plant

Commiphora wightii

Next plant

Photo from Botanical Survey of India.


The rest of the photos are by Soumen Aditya.

Author: Madan Mal Bhandari, 1965
Family:  BURSERACEAE
Origin:  India, Western Pakistan, Oman (Northern Africa - Central Asia)
Soil:  Mix
Water:  Medium
Sun:  Medium - Maximum
Thickness:  30 Centimetres
Height:  2-4 Metres
Flower:  Red - Pink
Propagate:  Seeds/Cuttings
Names:  Guggal, Guggul, Indian Bdellium Tree, Mukul Myrrh Tree, Mahishaksha
Synonyms:  Balsamodendron wightii, George Arnott Walker Arnott. 1839.
Commiphora mukul
, Engler 1883.
Commiphora roxburghii
, Engler, 1896.
Balsamodendrum mukul
, Hooker, 1849.

This member of the Burseraceae family was given this name by Madan Mal Bhandari in 1965. It is mainly found in India, Oman and Pakistan, but should be found all the way from northern Africa to central Asia. It is growing in a poor and well drained soil with little to some water and some to lots of sun. The bush can grow to two metres or even four with a stem up to 30 centimetres in diameter. The flowers are from red to pink. 

The genera name from Greek kommi; 'gum' and Greek -phoros; 'carrying' for the balsam-like scented resin. The species name after Robert Wight, 1796   1872, a Scottish surgeon in the East India Company, whose professional career was spent entirely in southern India, where his greatest achievements were in botany as an economic botanist and leading taxonomist in south India.

This species is dimorphic; one having bisexual and male flowers, and the other having female flowers with staminodes.