Richard Anthony Salisbury,
France, Italy, Lebanon, Syria, Yugoslavia
Cammarum hyemale (L.) Greene,
cilicicus Schott & Kotschy,
Cammarum hyemale, Hill.
Eranthis bulgarica, Stef.
Eranthis hyemalis var. bulgarica, Stef.
Eranthis hyemalis var. tubergenii, P.D.Sell.
Eranthis tubergenii, Bowles.
Helleborus involucratus, Stokes.
Helleborus monanthos, Moench.
Koellea hyemalis, Biria.
Robertia hiemalis, Mérat.
This member of the
Ranunculaceae family was described by Carl Linnaeus under the name Helleborus
hyemalis in 1753, and later in 1807 by Richard Anthony
Salisbury shifted it to Eranthis. It is found in Bulgaria, France, Italy, Lebanon, Syria and
Yugoslavia (and is spread a lot by humans), growing in forests. It flowers with
the rather large yellow flowers in the late winter. The stem will
reach for five centimetres, the corms are up to 2,5 centimetres. It can
be reproduced both by seeds and corms.
The genera name
means 'spring flower'. The species name means 'winter'.
This is a
winter-grower, or real early spring-grower.