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Family: FABACEAE 

 Phaseolus coccineus
 


Photo by Brian Sandilands.

 
Author:   Carl Linnaeus, 1753
Family:  Fabaceae
Origin:  Mountains of Southern North America, Mexico
Soil:  Mix
Water:  Maximum
Sun:  Medium-Maximum
Thickness:  20 centimetres - or more
Height:  3 meters
Flower:  Scarlet Red
Propagate:  Seeds
Names:  Runner Bean, Scarlet Runner Bean, Dutch Runner Bean, Seven Year Been
Synonyms:  Phaseolus multiflorus Willd. 1802. Phaseolus sylvestris Kunth, 1823. Phaseolus formosus Kunth, 1824. Phaseolus multiflorus var. coccineus ( L. ) DC. 1825. Phaseolus superbus A. DC. 1836. Phaseolus obvallatus Schltdl. 1838. Lipusa formosa (Kunth) Alef. 1866. Phaseolus polyanthus Greenm. 1907. Phaseolus prorifirus M.E. Jones, 1908. Phaseolus striatus Brandegee, 1908. Phaseolus griseus Piper, 1926. Phaseolus strigillosus Piper, 1926.  Phaseolus leiosepalus Piper, 1926.  

Four years old, fifteen centimetres in diameter. Photo by Brian Sandilands.
   This member of the Fabaceae family was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. It is found on high altitude in the mountains of Southern North America and Mexico. It grows in a rich peat with some to lots of sun and plenty of water. It will, within the first year, get scarlet red flowers. The vines will reach three metres, the caudex 20 centimetres or more.

The genera name from the classical name for Bean. The species name means 'scarlet', for the flowers.

It is commonly cultivated in many parts of the world for its edible seeds and immature seedpods.

 
A large plant from Mastergardener.extension.wisc.edu.    The eatable seedpods. Photo by Brian Sandilands.