José Cavanilles, 1797
||Dark - Bright Yellow
Nasturtium, Andean Nasturtium, Soldadillo Grande de
Chymocarpus polyphyllus Heynh. 1840.
Tropaeolum floribundum, Turcz.
Tropaeolum polyphyllum var. brevicaule, Poepp. &
Tropaeolum prostratum, Miers.
Trophaeum floribundum, Kuntze.
Trophaeum polyphyllum, Kuntze.
This member of the Tropaeolaceae was given this name by
Antonio José Cavanilles in 1797. It is found in
the Andes; Argentina and Chile, growing in a well drained soil with
some water and some sun. The swollen roots can grow to three centimetres,
the whole plant up to 25 centimetres. The flowers are dark yellow
but can get into bright yellow.
The genera name is the
diminutive of trophy; given by Carl Linnaeus, who chose
the genus name because the plant reminded him of an ancient
custom: After victory in battle, the Romans erected a trophy
pole (or tropaeum, from the Greek tropaion, source of English
"trophy") on which the vanquished foe's armour and weapons were
The species is named for the many leaves.