Previous plant

Dioscorea communis

Next plant


The "caudex" is more like rhizomes, I have to admit.


Within the red berries, 4-6 seeds are found.


The flowers by Ori Fragman-Sapir, Powo.science.kew.org.

Author:  L. R. Caddick & Paul Wilkin, 2002
Family:  DIOSCOREACEAE
Origin:  Albania, Algeria, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Islands, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Island, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, North Caucasus, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Yugoslavia
Soil:  Peat - Mix
Water:  Medium
Sun:  Medium
Thickness:  20 Centimetres
Height:  3-6 Meters
Flower:  White
Propagate:  Seeds/Roots
Names:  Black Bryony, Black Bindweed, Blackeye Root, Lady's-seal, Jumfrurod, Spekwortel, Herbe-aux-femmes-Battues, Tamier, Echte Schmerwurz, Schmerwurz
Synonyms:  Tamus communis, L. 1753
Dioscorea canariensis,
Webb & Berthel.
Tamus baccifera,
St.-Lag.
Tamus canariensis,
Willd. ex Kunth
Tamus cirrhosa,
Hausskn. ex Bornm.
Tamus communis f. subtriloba,
O.BolÚs & Vigo
Tamus cordifolia,
Stokes.
Tamus cretica
L.
Tamus edulis,
Lowe.
Tamus norsa,
Lowe.
Tamus parviflora,
Kunth.
Tamus racemosa,
Gouan.
Smilax rubra,
Willd.

This member of the Dioscoreaceae family was described by Carl von Linnaeus as Tamus, and later by Lizabeth R. Caddick and Paul Wilkin in 2002, as Dioscorea. It is found in most of Europe and in northern Africa. It is growing in a well drained rich soil with some water and some sun. The caudex will grow to 20 centimetres in diameter and 50 centimetres long. The wines can reach for three or even six meters. The flowers are small and white, and besides form seeds, the plant can be reproduced by root cuttings.

This is a Dioecious plant; you need both a male and a female plant to obtain the red fruits.

Dioscorea is named after Pedianos Dioscorides, a Greek physician if the 1st century A.D. The species name means 'common, or growing in society'.


The male flowers by Egon Krogsgaard Powo.science.kew.org.