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Dioscorea communis

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The "caudex" is more like rhizomes, I have to admit.

Author:  Lizabeth R. Caddick & Paul Wilkin, 2002
Origin:  Southern - Eastern Europe, Southern England, Northern Africa
Soil:  Peat or mix
Water:  Medium
Sun:  Medium
Thickness:  20 Centimetres
Height:  3-6 Meters
Flower:  White
Propagate:  Seeds/Roots
Names:  Black Bryony, Black Bindweed, Blackeye Root, Lady's-seal, Jumfrurod, Spekwortel, Herbe-aux-femmes-battues, Tamier, Echte Schmerwurz, Schmerwurz
Synonyms:  Tamus communis Linnaeus,  Tamus cretica Linnaeus, Tamus edulis Lowe, Tamus racemosa Gouan
This member of the Dioscoreaceae family was described by Carl von Linnaeus as Tamus, and later by Lizabeth R. Caddick and Paul Wilkin in 2002, as Dioscorea. It is found in Austria, Belgium, Germany, France, Hungary; Switzerland, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom, Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Crete, Italy,  Romania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia, Ukraine ,Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia. It is growing in a well drained rich soil with some water and some sun. The caudex will grow to 20 centimetres in diameter and 50 centimetres long. The wines can reach for three or even six meters. The flowers are small and white, and besides form seeds, the plant can be reproduced by root cuttings.

This is a Dioecious plant; you need both a male and a female plant to obtain the red fruits.

Dioscorea is named after Pedianos Dioscorides, a Greek physician if the 1st century A.D. The species name means 'common, or growing in society'.

Within the red berries, 4-6 seeds are found.