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Myrmecodia tuberosa

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A large one from Copenhagen Botanical Garden, and it's caudex, flowers and fruits.


Tiny plants found in the sphagnum.


Drawing of M. t. "papuana" by Eleanor Catherine.

Author:  William Jack, 1823
Family:  RUBIACEAE
Origin:  Northwest coast of Borneo, East Malaysia, New Guinea, North Australia
Soil:  No, Epiphytic
Water:  Maximum
Sun:  Minimum
Thickness:  25 centimetres
Height:  75 centimetres
Flower:  White, 3 to 4 mm long
Propagate:  Seeds
Names:  Ant Plant
Synonyms:  Might be a synonym of: Myrmecodia echinata, Charles Gaudichaud-Beaupré, 1830
This member of the Rubiaceae family was described by William Jack in 1823. It is found in the rainforests of Northwest coast of Borneo, East Malaysia, New Guinea and North Australia. It is an epiphyte, needs lots of water but not much sun. The caudex will grow to 25 centimetres in diameter, the stems can reach for 75 centimetres. The tiny flowers are white, and the plant can only be reproduced by seeds.

The genera name means 'ant head'. The species name means 'tuberous'.

SubFamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Psychotrieae
SubTribe: Hydnophytinae

A key to the genera of the HYDNOPHYTTNAE is found on the Myrmecodia alata page.

And to add some confusion - or clearance, have a look at Eleanor Catherine's great drawings below.


Drawing of M. t. "bullosa" by Eleanor Catherine.


Drawing of M. t. "dahlii" by Eleanor Catherine.


Drawing of M. t. "versteegii" by Eleanor Catherine.


Drawing of M. t. "pulvinata" by Eleanor Catherine.


Drawing of M. t. "salomonensis" by Eleanor Catherine.


Drawing of M. t. "manusensis" by Eleanor Catherine.